Angela Last obtained her PhD in human geography from the Open University, UK. She holds a position as Postdoctoral Researcher in Feminist Geopolitics, in the School of Geographical and Earth Sciences at the University of Glasgow. An interdisciplinary researcher with a background in design and geography, her work explores the possibilities of ‘active citizenship’ in the context of geopolitics and global institutions. In particular, she is interested in the tension between international institutions that are ‘fashioning’ policy and opportunities for ‘global civil society’ to influence these policies. Her most recent project focuses on institutional innovation by globally so-called ‘parallel institutions’ across the world. In particular, she is interested in the kinds of interaction between these institutions – that are frequently set up by disenfranchised citizens – and national governments.